A Mighty Girl's top books for children and teens about the refugee experience.
There's no questioning that the world is in the midst of a refugee crisis: over 25 million refugees, half of whom are children, have been driven from their homes due to war or conflict according to UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency. With so many people in need, it's more crucial than ever to talk about refugees — and explain to our children why standing up for refugees matters.
Of course, this is a challenging topic to discuss with kids, especially since so often refugees are children like themselves. How do you explain why people would be willing to risk so much, and why they are so desperate to escape the places where they live? And how do you teach them what it feels like to uproot yourself and your family and leave behind everything — from personal possessions to the language and culture of your birth — to move to a country hundreds or thousands of miles away?
If you’d like to talk to your kids about the experiences of refugees, there are some excellent books for children and teens starring Mighty Girl characters that can help. From tales of escape from persecution and violence, to accounts of life in a refugee camp, and even stories of what it’s like to make a new home in an unfamiliar place, these books are often emotional and poignant, but also full of hope and optimism for the future.
Beyond introducing to children to refugees through stories, also consider getting involved as a family in projects to support refugees and refugee resettlement in your area. Refugee resettlement programs are run all over the United States by non-profit organizations that need support through volunteers, donations, and advocacy. To look for one in your area, check out this directory run by the Office of Refugee Resettlement.
For more stories for children and teens about the experiences of all immigrants, visit our selection of books about Immigration & Migration.
Books About Mighty Girl Refugees of the Past and Present
A teacher tells her class about her immigrant great-grandmother's journey to a new and strange county. Most difficult of all: she could bring nothing but a small suitcase. How did she decide what to bring and what to leave? How do you reduce a life into a single piece of luggage? And she asks her class: what would you bring? What things do you have that are so precious that you could never leave them behind and what do you own that says, "This is me"? This thoughtful book encourages kids to contemplate what it would be like to leave behind everything that they know — and teaches them about the fact that we all came from somewhere else. Tucked into the back cover is a pop-up suitcase that kids can use to imagine how they would decide what really matters.
It’s the early 1900s, and Rachel’s cousin Grisha has come to live with her family after the death of his parents. He clings to the few reminders he has of them, like the woolen lining on his increasingly battered jacket, made from his mother’s old coat. When the Cossacks start threatening the Jews of their Russian shtetl, though, Rachel’s family decides to flee to America. Immigration means passing the rigorous inspection at Ellis Island... where Grisha’s tattered jacket gets him marked for deportation. Fortunately, clever Rachel thinks of a way to ensure that Grisha can stay with the family, but still keep this precious memento of his mother. This touching story of immigration and the love of extended family also shows how much refugee families have to leave behind.
My Name Is BanaNew!
My Name Is BanaNew!
Bana was named after a tall tree that grows in her home country of Syria. "It is my favorite," her mother tells her, and she wanted it to be a reminder to her daughter that she could be as strong as the bana tree. Bana remembers how she has drawn on that strength in the past: when she comforted her brother as bombs fell, and when she used a computer and a Twitter account to tell the world, "I just want to live without fear." This stunning picture book memoir by Bana Alabed, who in 2016 — at the age of 7 — tweeted a child's perspective of the horrors in war-torn Syria, is a powerful message about strength, hope, and the importance of speaking up for refugees around the world.
Anna and her family live a life of hardship, with few possessions save the bare necessities — except for a treasured china tea set, given as a wedding gift with the promise that whoever drinks from the cups will always know happiness. They also live in fear of the Czar’s soldiers, who harass and abuse Jewish Russians with impunity. When Papa falls ill, a kindhearted doctor not only takes them in and treats him, but also arranges passage to America, and in gratitude they give him the tea set... all but one cup. Because as long as they have the last blessing cup, the family will indeed know joy — even in their new homeland — for generations to come. This companion to The Keeping Quilt is a tribute to the importance of love and family.
4-year-old Kalia has never known life outside the Ban Vinai Refugee Camp in Thailand, where she and thousands of other Hmong people live after escaping Laos' Secret War. Although Kalia and her cousins play like any children, she recognizes the hardship her family faces in the camp, and the fear everyone has of moving beyond it: "They are scared to return to the old country. They are scared to go to a new country." Finally, when she asks her father what things are like outside the camp, he helps her climb the tallest tree, so she can see the world beyond — and imagine the potential for a better life. Based on the author's real experience as a child, this stunning and poignant story is a celebration of resilience, hope, and a father's love.
After fleeing her homeland as a refugee, Shahad is now attending school in a new country in Ms. Truong's class. Every day, she comes with her hair perfectly braided... but she's always conscious of the scars on her face and leg, which Shahad believes make her ugly. Fortunately, Ms. Truong finds gentle ways both to reassure Shahad of her beauty, and to allow her to tell her story to her peers — and the following year, a newly confident Shahad can offer similar support to others. This quiet and empowering story will encourage kids to contemplate their peers' untold stories, and to look at beauty in a whole new way.
When Flory Jagoda's ancestors were forced to leave Spain during the Spanish Inquisition, they fled with two precious possessions: the Ladino language of Sephardic Jews, and the key to the home they left behind. In their new home in Bosnia, the family lived for centuries, and Flory was born to a home full of music and joy. Then the horrors of World War II strike, and Flory flees to begin a new life in America. She may not have the key, but she has Ladino, her harmoniku, and her love of music to share with her new country. This powerful picture book biography of Ladino singer Flory Jagoda celebrates the importance of preserving connections to the past, even when you must travel to a new country.
At a refugee camp in Pakistan, 10-year-old Lina has been eagerly waiting for relief workers to bring her a desperately needed new pair of shoes, but when she grabs a sandal that fits perfectly, she discovers that another girl has snapped up its mate! Lina and Feroza decide that sharing the sandals makes more sense than each keeping one, and from there a friendship is born. As they go about their daily routine — washing clothes in the river, standing in line for necessities, and anxiously waiting for their names to appear on the list of people being transported to a new home in America — they laugh, play, and share their dreams. And when one girl’s name finally comes up on the lists, the sandals take on a new, symbolic role, linking the friends forever. This beautiful picture book is a touching story of how friendship can blossom even in the most difficult of circumstances.
A girl named Yusra dreams of swimming at the Olympics someday, and devotes countless hours to training. When war breaks out in her home country of Syria, her dreams have to get put on hold as she and her sister try to figure out how to flee to safety. They pay smugglers for a chance to ride a boat to Greece, but the inflatable's engine fails in the middle of the sea, threatening everyone on board. Yusra dives into the water to pull the boat — and becomes an international sensation. And not too long after, she finally achieves her Olympic dream, competing for the first ever refugee team. Told in spare quatrains of poetry, with dramatic illustrations that capture the destruction and hardship of war, this stunning picture book biography of Olympic swimmer and Syrian refugee Yusra Mardini is a powerful story about resilience, determination, and hope.
In this beautifully illustrated book, a young girl's life goes from peace and comfort to turmoil and tragedy as war envelops her home and forces the family to flee. As they seek out a place of safety, the family must make decisions that are difficult for kids to imagine, but critical to understanding the experiences of the millions of children caught up in the current refugee crisis. At the same time, simple comforts — like books and storytelling — help the family stay strong through their journey. While the ending isn't a true resolution, it is tinged with hope and optimism: the journey has been grueling but soon, perhaps, they will find a place to call home again. Debut author Francesca Sanna followed up this picture book with a companion, Me and My Fear, which highlights the challenges of adjusting to life in a new country — and how welcoming, accepting friends can help.
In 1945, young Ba saw the last emperor of Vietnam weeping as he abdicated his throne and snuck into the Imperial Gardens to take a single lotus seed. For Ba, the seed becomes a precious reminder of her birthplace and culture, especially since it is small enough to carry with her as she travels to a new land, full of tall steel buildings and strange new customs. Ba keeps the seed as she grows, marries, raises children, and sees grandchildren born, until one day her unknowing grandson takes the seed and plants it. The next spring, a glorious blossoming lotus provides a new memory for Ba to keep close to her heart — and share with her family. Full of beautiful illustrations and poetic text, this book also contains an endnote to help readers learn about Vietnam’s history.
When an Iraqi family is forced to flee their home, they can't bear to leave their beloved cat, Kunkush, behind — so they secretly bring him with them all the way from Iraq to Greece. But during the crowded boat crossing, the carrier breaks and Kunkush escapes, disappearing in the confusion. The family can't wait to find him, leaving them brokenhearted. So when Greek aid workers find Kunkush several days later, the quest begins to get him back to his family! With the help of a worldwide community spreading the word online, Kunkush's family is found and they are finally able to bring him to their new home. Told with the help of the people who helped reunite pet and people, and with the permission of Kunkush's family, this true story encourages kids to think about what it's like to have to leave members of your family behind — and celebrates the power of people working together to help those in need.
An ordinary day at this girl's school gets interrupted when war suddenly comes to town, depicted as a destructive, giant cloud. In a moment, her whole life is turned upside down, and she's forced to flee, hoping to find a place of safety. But even in a country that's physically safe, things aren't easy: when she shows up at a school, she's turned away... until a boy welcomes her in and gives her a chair he brought from home. Lyrical, poignant, and emotional, this picture book will help young readers understand the trauma caused by war and violence — and how little we have to give up to help those in need.
In 1941, Hedy's Hungarian Jewish family faces tough decisions: Hitler's armies are beginning to round up Jews across Europe, and no one is safe, but the family's circumstances don't allow them all to travel together. At 16, Hedy must travel across Europe by train — alone — in hopes of reaching a port where she can board a ship to America. Along the way she encounters good luck and bad, kind helpers and cruel soldiers; she dreams of happy reunions and fears that, instead, she'll find herself alone forever. This thoughtful picture book from the Encounter: Narrative Nonfiction Picture Books series includes a note at the end that follows Hedy's story after she arrives in America, capturing the aftermath and epilogue of her refugee experience.
10-year-old Drita is a Muslim Albanian refugee, struggling with the transition from war-torn Kosovo to Brooklyn, New York; she doesn’t speak any English, and her mother is falling into depression. Maxie is an African-American girl who still wrestles with grief after her mother died in an accident, and as one of the “cool kids,” she doesn’t want anything to do with this strange new girl. But when their teacher assigns a project to Maxie, interviewing Drita about her life in Albania and her move to the US, the two girls slowly develop a friendship as they discover unexpected connections between their lives. This unique novel alternates between both girls’ perspectives, creating a poignant and powerful tale of bridging cultural divides.
12-year-old Stephanie and her 7-year-old sister Nellie love their lives in Vienna, but as the Nazi influence rises, their parents send them to safety with two foster families in Sweden. They plan to join their daughters shortly so that the whole family can travel to America — and safety — together. Nellie settles in quickly but Stephanie wrestles with loneliness and isolation, particularly when a clique of bigoted girls begin taunting her at school. She clings to the hope that her parents will come, but as time goes on, she begins to realize that she will need to make the best of her temporary — or perhaps not so temporary — home. This is the first book of a quartet about the sisters, of which three volumes have been translated from the original Swedish; fans eager to follow Stephanie’s story can check out The Lily Pond and Deep Sea.
Lily has always looked forward to her summers at a beach house in Rockaway, New York: at home, everyone knows she tells lies, but her summer friend Margaret understands her need to feel important. In the summer of 1944, though, Margaret has moved to a wartime factory town, and her father is on his way overseas to fight in the war. It’s not until she meets Albert, a refugee from Hungary, that the summer brightens. Lily is shocked to hear Albert’s tales of life in the war — particularly the loss of most of his family — and without thinking, she tells him one of her lies, one that could threaten his life. Lily will have to wrestle with her own feelings of insecurity and learn to tell the truth if she is going to help Albert find a new life in America. This Newbery Honor book tells the story of two struggling children with subtlety and compassion.
Nadia's perfect twelfth birthday is interrupted by shocking news marking the beginning of the Arab Spring — and the start of the civil war in Syria. In mere months, her home city becomes a war zone, and her family decides to flee... but before they can, Nadia is buried in the rubble after a bombing, and her family is forced to go without her. As Nadia attempts to follow them, she receives help from an elderly bookbinder and encounters others like her: people young and old who just want safety and peace. Author N. H. Senzi uses Nadia's memories to highlight both the normal lives that most Syrians lived before the war, but also hints at the dangers when your country is ruled by a dictator, creating a compelling look at the trauma facing Syrian refugees.
10-year-old Hà has lived her whole life in Saigon, and she loves everything about the city — the bustling markets, its unique traditions, and her very own papaya tree. But when the Vietnam War reaches the capital, Hà and her family are forced to flee. They make their way by boat to a tent city in Guam, then to Florida, and finally, to a new home in Alabama. To Hà, this new land is all wrong: her neighbors are cold, the food is dull, and even the landscape feels alien. Even still, thanks to the strength of her family and help from a teacher with a very unexpected connection to the country where she was born, Hà begins to find her own place in this new world. This National Book Award-winning novel is written in free verse. Fans of this story will enjoy the 2015 companion novel, Listen, Slowly.
12-year-old Amira lives an ordinary life in South Darfur, Sudan, dreaming of adulthood and the chance for an education, but there is a constant fear under the surface: the Janjaweed, who are so dangerous that Amira’s mother tells her to run immediately if she sees them. When the Janjaweed do come, Amira’s village is destroyed, her father is killed, and the rest of her family is forced to flee. Amira is so traumatized that she falls into silence, even as the family finds a place to stay in the Kalma refugee camp. Slowly, with the help of the people around her — and the gift of a red pencil — Amira must find a way to restore hope to her life. Davis Pinkney includes an endnote with details about the conflict in Sudan and the real Kalma refugee camp, which still exists today. This compassionate telling in free verse also incorporates simple pen drawings to capture a brutal conflict in deft strokes.
11-year-old Samira and her family are unregistered Rohingya refugees, eking out a living in Cox's Bazar, a Bangladeshi town that's ravaged by climate change. Samira struggles with trauma after watching her village burn and seeing her grandmother and grandfather drown during their desperate flight away from Burma by boat, and dreams of going to school like her brother, Khaled — something her father forbids. When Samira discovers a local girls' surfing club, she wonders if winning the cash prize for a big surfing contest might prove to her father that a daughter can change their family's fortune. But along the way, she realizes that finding her feet on a surfboard also gives her confidence and connects her with a community who will support her, no matter what. This stunning novel in verse, with black and white illustrations throughout, is a tribute to the power of connection and sisterhood.
It's 1919, and Rifka and her family are fleeing the brutal treatment that Russian soldiers direct towards Jewish people in their home country. In her dreams, America will be a perfect place, where she and her family can have all the opportunities they could never have in Russia. On her travels, Rifka brings a book of Alexander Pushkin's poetry, in which she writes letters to Tovah, her beloved cousin who stayed behind, about her experiences — humiliating physical examinations, disease running rampant, terrifying storms that threaten her ship, detainment on Ellis Island, and even the loss of her long, blonde hair, something she never imagined she would have to give up. This story, which is based on a real piece of author Karen Hesse's family history, captures the courage and persistence that refugees need, as well as the sense of optimism and hope that drives them.
In October, 2016, seven-year-old Bana Alabed became the voice of millions of children when she took to Twitter to tell the world about the horrors of the Syrian civil war. She lost her best friend, her school, and her home, and her heartrending messages — including “I just want to live without fear.” — captured the world's attention. Following her and her family's life in Syria and eventual escape to Turkey, this book alternates Bana's words with short chapters by her mother, for a powerful and poignant reminder of the resiliency of the human spirit, the unconquerable courage of a child, and the abiding power of hope.
Parvana’s family is struggling under Taliban rule in Afghanistan: her father has been arrested, and her mother can’t work, leaving the family with no income. So Parvana takes a desperate step: she cuts off her hair and poses as a boy. She’s proud to be able to earn money, but struggles with her anger at the Taliban's laws. And soon, even this small peace in her life will be shattered as Kabul becomes even more unstable. The story of Parvana’s refugee experience continues in Parvana’s Journey, Mud City, and My Name Is Parvana. The first three novels in this award-winning series are also available in this box set.
Celeste’s childhood in Chile is idyllic... until warships appear in the harbor. The country’s new government calls artists, protesters, and those who help the needy “subversive” and vows to eliminate them. Some of Celeste’s classmates stop coming to school, and soon Celeste begins to feel that no one is safe. Celeste’s parents, who are both educated and generous to the poor around them, realize they need to go into hiding, but before they do, they send Celeste to her aunt in Maine. Celeste must learn to cope with being exiled from the country and family she loves, and also with the fear that no one, anywhere, can truly be safe. Seeing the turmoil of dictatorship and the harsh treatment of dissenters through Celeste’s eyes is heartbreaking, but tinged with optimism as Celeste realizes that Chile will always remain an important part of who she is.
When violence erupts near 12-year-old Jude's Syrian home, her Baba and older brother refuse to leave. Her mother, though, believes that it's no longer safe for her, Jude, and the baby she's carrying to stay. Jude finds herself winging across the ocean to Cincinnati, where an aunt, uncle, and cousin she's never met live. But life in America is a big adjustment: her cousin isn't welcoming, nobody looks like her, and she misses everything she left behind. "It is strange to feel lucky for something that is making my heart feel so sad," she thinks. With time, though, Jude finds her place in her new country — and who she really is. This lyrical and hopeful novel in verse will give kids new perspective on the experience of refugees as they leave an old home to find a new one.
Twelve-year-old Nisha is half-Muslim, half-Hindu, and in 1947, when Pakistan and India have just separated, she feels like she doesn't know where she belongs. After losing her mother as a baby, she's desperate to cling to the familiar. But when her father decides it's too dangerous to stay in Pakistan, Nisha and her family set out as refugees in search of a new home, first by train and then on foot. It's long and dangerous travel, but Nisha still believes that the future will be bright. In a series of letters to her mother, Nisha relates her journey and explores the search for home, identity, and hope.
When she was thirteen, Sundara fled Cambodia and the Khmer Rouge, leaving behind her family and the boy she had loved since childhood. Now, four years later, she struggles with her identity, trying to be a typical American teen at high school and a "good Cambodian girl" in her aunt and uncle’s home. A good Cambodian girl would never date, or even be caught spending time with a boy... but when Jonathan, a star football player who wants to be more than a jock, asks for her help with a project, Sundara risks her family’s disapproval by sitting with him at lunch. The pair grows close, but when their relationship is discovered, Sundara is desperately conflicted: she feels disloyal to her past, but how can she honor where she came from when such terrible things happen there? This remarkable novel examines the aftermath of resettling: finding a way to live between cultures.
Six years ago, Hằng tried to escape the Vietnam War with her brother, Linh; instead, American soldiers took him on board their plane and left her behind. After a brutal journey and time in a refugee camp, Hằng has finally made it to Texas and she's determined to find Linh. On the way, she meets LeeRoy, a would-be cowboy who drives her to Linh's adopted home — only for Hằng to discover that Linh doesn't remember her or Vietnam. Hằng refuses to give up on her brother, though, and LeeRoy won't leave her. As Hằng struggles with her trauma and her guilt about her brother, she and LeeRoy find their relationship evolving in ways neither expected. This powerful YA novel by the author of Inside Out & Back Again explores loyalty, family, and the deep impressions war leaves on its innocent victims.
14-year-old Gerta Richter was a talented singer with a promising future — until June 1944, when Nazi soldiers burst into her home and she found out that her Papa had spent years concealing their Jewish heritage. She survived to liberation, but her father didn't... and without her music, and unsure of her place in the world, Gerta's not sure she'll find a way to move on. In a displaced persons camp, though, she meets Lev, a fellow teen survivor. As she grows closer to Lev, Gerta begins to accept her new Jewish identity, and even sees the possibility of music entering her life again. This powerful novel, with haunting spot images and larger illustrations that capture the deep emotion of the text, explores the challenges that faced survivors of the Holocaust, who had to try to rebuild lives that could never be the same.
Mariatu has heard stories of rebel attacks in other places in Sierra Leone, but only rumors — how could they possibly be true? But one day, the 11-year-old encounters their brutality first-hand: rebel soldiers, only a few years older than her, destroy her village, murder her neighbors, and cut off both her hands with a machete. “We want you to go to the president and show him what we did to you,” they say. “You won’t be able to vote for him now.” Miraculously, Mariatu survives, a single mango providing her first meal after the attack — and giving her the desire to live on. Her journey will take her to a refugee camp in Freetown, a home and education in Canada, and, finally, a position as a UNICEF Special Representative. Kamara's raw and powerful account of the conflict in 1990s Sierra Leone is unsettling, but inspiring: if Mariatu can find new hope, others can, too.
- For more stories about the experiences of immigrants and refugees, visit our selection of books about Immigration & Migration.
- For stories that tackle the realities of conflict — and its consequences for the population of a country — visit our War & Conflict section.
- For books that capture the spirit of hope that drives refugees to seek new homes, visit our Hope & Optimism section.